1891 Distribution maps of the Longleaf, Shortleaf and Loblolly pine tree forests.
Historical Photographs of Texas Forests
S. P. 322 Log Ramp and Log Cars
Log ramp and four cars of pine logs, photographed in November of 1907 near Southern Pine Lumber Company logging operations.
S.P. 302 white oak and gum hardwood JA Massengill
White oak and gum timber in same location as 301. On the N.E. corner of the J. M. Walker League, Trinity Co., Texas, 16 miles N.W. of Diboll. Pictured is J. A. Massengill. November 1907.
S. P. 308 Shortleaf Pine Timber near the Cotton Belt Route
Upland shortleaf pine timber view on the southern part of the A. Harris place, one-half mile north of the Kennard branch of the Cotton Belt Railway, Houston County, Texas.
S. P. 336 Camp 1 Log Ramp and Cut Over Pine
Log ramp and cut over pine timber near Camp 1, November of 1907. Camp 1 was also known as Rayvill, was located in Trinity County, and operated between 1907-1912.
S. P. 331 Shortleaf Yellow Pine Timber, Buck Wammuck's Place
Shortleaft yellow pine timber view on Buck Wammuck's place, from which large timber has been cut and balance preserbed for future cutting. There are 300 acres of timber at this location. This photograph was taken in November of 1907.
Tex112 Logs Along Right of Way
Cut logs in the woods along the right of way before the track was laid, 1903.
Tex109 Logs Piled Along Right of Way
Logs piled along the right of way in the woods awaiting transportation to the mill, prior to the railroad track being laid, 1903.
Tex107-Y High wheeled log cart skidder
A high-wheeled, slip-tongue log skidder with its teams and driver in 1903. The driver would straddle the cart over felled logs, where dangling tongs would be positioned to raise the end of a log off the ground when the mules pulled the tongue forward, allowing the log to "skid" along under the cart's rolling wheels.
A Southern Pine Lumber Company logging team with donkeys and horses in the woods, 1903.
Tex 111-Y oxen log cart
A man and oxen log cart pulling two large logs in the woods, 1903.
S.P. 306 logging camp No. 1
Southern Pine Lumber Company's Camp No. 1 in Trinity County, about twelve miles northwest of Diboll, in November 1907. At the time, seventy-five men, some with families, lived at the camp. Only the women and children were home when this photo was made in the middle of the day. The camp existed from 1907 to about 1912, when it moved and combined with other camps in Houston and Angelina counties. The former camp area became the headquarters of Southern Pine Lumber Company's cattle ranching during the 1920s. General view of camp No. 1 from the North end.
S.P. 321 logging crew of Camp No 2 1907
Teams of Southern Pine Lumber Company Camp 2, with car of pine logs and McGiffert loader no. 2, November of 1907. Camp 2 operated roughly between 1907-1912. According to the January 18, 1908 American Lumberman, the camp employed 100 people and was located about 17 miles northwest of Diboll, Texas. In 1908 it had 75 portable houses, and was supplied with water by surface wells.
Tex 110-Y Cross Tie Gang
Men laying railroad crossties in the woods, 1903.
Tex 118-W camp photo 1903
Southern Pine Lumber Company camp photo, 1903, showing two lumbermen with one filing a saw.
S.P. 301 backside steam log loader
A McGiffert steam log loader and crew load pine logs onto cars in Trinity County bound for mills at Diboll in 1907.
S. P. 324 McGiffert Loader and Pine Log Ramps
Ramps of pine logs with McGiffert steam log loader #2 in the background, November of 1907. The log cars can be seen traveling beneath the loader so that logs could be loaded onto them.
S.P. 341 sitting on cow catcher log train 1907
Engine #7 and train of 20 cars of pine logs. Neches Valley Pine bound for Diboll, November 1907. Texas South-Eastern Railroad Engine 7 (a 1906 coal-burning Baldwin 44-ton Ten-wheeler) and crew pose with a pine log train on the mainline just west of Diboll. Engine 7 was one of eight locomotives then used by Texas South-Eastern Railroad in its Diboll operations.
S.P. 240 Interior of saw mill from log end
Interior of the yellow pine saw mill from the log end, showing the log carriage, log deck, and double band saws in the yellow pine mill, also called Mill No. 1, November 1907.
Tex55 Planing Mill Machines and Mill Workers
A photograph of Southern Pine Lumber Company's planing mill, mill machinery, and mill workers, Diboll, TX, 1903.
Tex57 Interior View of Planning Mill
An interior view of the Southern Pine Lumber Company planning mill, 1903. Showns lumber, machinery, and an employee.
Tex58 Worker with Machinery Inside of the Mill
A Southern Pine Lumber Company mill worker with machinery inside of a mill, Diboll, 1903.
Tex59 Self-Stoking Sawmill Boilers
An image of self-stoking sawmill boilers with an employee, Southern Pine Lumber Company, Diboll, TX, 1903.
Tex60 Saw Mill Interior
An interior image of the Southern Pine Lumber Company sawmill with workers, 1903.
Tex61 Lath Mill
An image showing the interior of the Southern Pine Lumber Company lath mill with workers nearby machinery, Diboll, Texas, 1903.
Tex64 Aerial Photograph of the Planing Mill
An aerial photograph of the Southern Pine Lumber Company planing mill, Diboll, TX, 1903.
Tex66 Lumber Yard with Housing in Background
An aerial photograph of the Southern Pine Lumber Company lumber yard with company housing in the background, 1903. Diboll, Texas.
Tex67 Lumber Yard View from the South
An aerial view from the south showing the lumber yard of the Southern Pine Lumber Company, Diboll, TX, 1903. The image shows hand stacked lumber air-drying, with employees loading and unloading lumber carts.
Tex68 Band Saw
An image of a band saw inside one of the Southern Pine Lumber Company sawmills, 1903.
Tex69 Kiln Car Loading Dock
An aerial view of stacked lumber at the kiln car loading dock, 1903. Also shown are lumbermen loading and unloading lumber.
Tex72 Dry Kiln Aerial Photograph from Water Tower
An aerial photograph of the Southern Pine Lumber Company dry kilns from the water tower, 1903.
Tex74 Workers with Dressed Lumber in Dry Shed
An image showing workers in the interior of the dry shed, loading or unloading lumber onto a cart or into the shed, 1903.
Tex76 Interior of Dressed Lumber Shed
An interior view of the Southern Pine Lumber Company dressed lumber shed, showing stacked lumber, 1903.
Tex79 Filing Shop Interior
An image of what appears to be the interior of a filers workshop, showing two men filing circle saws, 1903. Saw filers were among the highest paid employees of a sawmill.
Tex80 Interior of Boiler Room
An interior image of the boiler room with an employee, Southern Pine Lumber Company, 1903.
Tex82 Boiler Room
An interior image of a boiler room, Southern Pine Lumber Company, 1903.
Tex83 Lumbermen on the Endless Chain
An image of three Southern Pine Lumber Company mill pond workers guiding and loading logs onto the endless chain at the mill pond, where logs were pulled by the chain into the saw mill. Dated 1903.
Tex90 Mill Pond Splash
An image of a log splashing into the mill pond as it is being unloaded, 1903.
Tex94 Timber Dock
A view of the Southern Pine Lumber Comany timber dock, 1903.
Tex96 Loading Logs onto the Endless Chain
An image of three men at the bottom of the endless chain, where logs were loaded from the mill pond and pulled by the chain up a ramp into the saw mill. Dated 1903.
Tex100 Loaded Mule Drawn Lumber Cart at Mill Shed
A loaded mule drawn lumber cart at a Southern Pine Lumber Company mill shed, 1903.
S. P. 212 Lath on Dry Kiln Trams
A photograph of lath on dry kiln trams, showing how it comes from under the sorting platform, November 1907.
S.P. 213 SPLCo commissary exterior 1907
The Southern Pine Lumber Co. store, the express office, post office and drug store at Diboll, Texas, November 1907. The company store was the geographic and social center of the community. According to the January 18, 1908 American Lumberman, the general store was on the ground floor, a size of 36X66 feet. An adjacent room of the same size was used for storage. The second floor, 66X72 feet, was used for furniture and men's furnishing goods. The drug store was 30X50 feet in size. Manager W. P. Rutland and twelve others employed the store.
S. P. 229 Sunset Over the Lumberyard
A sunset effect over the Southern Pine Lumber Company lumber yard, November 1907.
S. P. 235 Planing Mill Interior
Interior view of the Southern Pine Lumber Company planing mill from the south end, November 1907.
S. P. 238 Sawmill Engine
The saw mill engine 24x48, 500 h. p. Filer & Stowell Corliss, with 18-foot fly wheel. Photograph taken in November 1907. Property of the Southern Pine Lumber Company, Diboll, Texas.
S. P. 239 Yellow Pine Sawmill Interior
An interior view of the Southern Pine Lumber Company yellow pine sawmill from the south end, November 1907. This mill was built in 1903 and was known as Mill No. 1. It had a 125,000 board feet capacity. It was destoryed by fire on January 7, 1968 and was rebuilt by September of that year.
S.P. 241 view of log pond from incline
A view of the log pond from the incline, showing a log on the chain, November 1907.
S. P. 242 Hardwood Sawmill Engine
The Southern Pine Lumber Company hardwood saw mill Corliss engine produced by Filer & Stowell, November 1907.
S.P. 244 interior of hardwood sawmill
Interior of the Southern Pine Lumber Company hardwood mill from the log end, November 1907.
S. P. 245 Hardwood Mill Filing Room
The filing room of the Southern Pine Lumber Company hardwood mill, showing several band saws, November 1907.
S. P. 246 Hardwood Lumber Alley
An alley of 16 and 18 foot hardwood lumber, third alley from the left, Southern Pine Lumber Company.
S. P. 256 Rough Lumber Shed Interior
Interior of the Southern Pine Lumber Company rough dry lumber shed, view looking south. Photograph taken in November 1907.
S.P. 258 log pond and yellow pine saw mill
The log pond and yellow pine saw mill - view upright from plate, November 1907. Logs were attached to the "endless chain" at the bottom of the curved ramp going from the mill to the pond, and then dragged upwards into the mill.
S.P. 266 interior of machinery and repair shop
Interior of Machinery and repair shop - view taken from the N.E. corner, showing trip-hammer and forge in the foreground, November 1907.
S. P. 273 Rough Dry Lumber Shed
The Southern Pine Lumber Company rough dry lumber shed from the northeast, taken in November of 1907.
S. P. 285 Hardwood Mill Boiler Room
The boiler room in the hardwood sawmill of the Southern Pine Lumber Company, photographed in November 1907 in Diboll, Texas.
S. P. 287 Hardwood Logs Unloading into Mill Pond
Four cars of hardwood logs on the unloading dock adjacent to the mill pond. The hardwood sawmill, known as mill number 2, and the new water tower can be seen in the background. The view is looking south from the north end of the unloading dock. Photograph taken in November 1907.
S. P. 306 Backside Log Cars Along Mill Pond Loading Dock
A view of loaded log cars stopped along the mill pond loading dock of the Southern Pine Lumber Company in Diboll, Texas.
S. P. 308 Backside Unloading Logs into the Mill Pond
An image of three mill pond workers unloading logs into the Southern Pine Lumber Company mill pond from log cars alongside the unloading dock. This image was taken in Diboll, Texas in November of 1907.
S.P. 309 backside mill pond full
Mill pond full, November 1907.
S.P. 330 camp 2
A portion of Camp 2, November 1907. According to the January 18, 1908 American Lumberman, Camp 2 employed 100 people and was located about 17 miles from Diboll in Trinity County. It was also known as Iris and operated between 1907-1912. In 1908 it had 75 portable houses, and was supplied with water by surface wells.
S.P. 343 TSE Engine 7 at mill 1907
Texas South-Eastern Railroad engine 7 and train of pine logs at pond, with yellow pine mill in background, November 1907.
S. P. 347 Planing Mill
The Southern Pine Lumber Company planing mill from the roof of the rough lumber shed, November 1907.
S. P. 349 Planing Mill Filing Room
Filing room of the Southern Pine Lumber Company planing mill, taken in November of 1907.
S.P. 348 Sawmill saw filer 1907
Filing room of yellow pine saw mill, November 1907. A difficult yet vital skill to master, saw filers were among the highest paid employees of the mill.
S.P. 360 Three pine boards
Three pine boards 1"x30"
S. P. 396 Hardwood Log Trains and Hardwood Mill
A view of a hardwood log train with the hardwood mill in the background, November of 1907. The train is sitting along the mill pond and the endless chain ramp can be seen extending from the mill into the pond. The hardwood mill was known as Mill 2 and was built between 1906 and 1907. It was dismantled in 1954.
S.P. 402 loading lumber on box cars
Loading lumber behind the Southern Pine Lumber Company planing mill. Note the awkward curved loading platform along the tracks of the Texas South-Eastern Railroad. Loading platform with loaded cars of lumber, dolly wagons and planing mill from manufactured lumber shed. Photograph dated November 1907.
S. P. 403 Planing Mill from the Southwest
The Southern Pine Lumber Company planing mill from the southwest, Diboll, Texas, November of 1907.
S. P. 406 Hardwood Sawmill Interior
The interior of the Southern Pine Lumber Company hardwood sawmill from the south, Diboll, Texas, November of 1907. The hardwood mill was known as Mill No. 2 and was built between 1906 and 1907. It was dismantled in 1954.
S. P. 409 Yellow Pine Mill from Southeast
The Southern Pine Lumber Company yellow pine sawmill looking southeast across the mill pond unloading dock. Logs on ramp, four cars on track, November of 1907. The yellow pine mill was known as Mill No. 1 and was built in 1903 in 104 days. It had a 125,000 board feet capacity.
S. P. 410 Six National Dry Kilns
Six National dry kilns of the Southern Pine Lumber Company looking from the northeast, November of 1907.
S. P. 411 Planing Mill Engine Room
Interior view of the Southern Pine Lumber Company engine room taken by flashlight, November of 1907.
S. P. 416 Molding Shed Interior
Interior of the Southern Pine Lumber Company molding shed, November of 1907.